Rice is the staple food of the community in Sri Lanka.
Paddy crops are cultivated as wetland crop in all the districts.
There are two cultivation seasons namely; Maha
and Yala which are synonymous with two monsoons. The Maha Season falls
during the "North-east monsoon" from September to March in the following
year, while the yala season is effective during the period from April to end of
August. The particular season is defined by when the crop is sown and harvested during the above periods.
However, the entire area devoted
to paddy cultivation is not utilized due to various reasons, such as a shortage of water during the seasons,etc.
extent: The extent of paddy cultivation, including land prepared for cultivation (asweddumized),
sown, and harvested,has been recorded on a complete enumeration
basis since 1951. This method of data collection has
been continued each season with the active cooperation of
the Agricultural Research and Production Assistants
(A.R.P.O)/Grama Niladari(GN) who act as primary
Average yield of paddy: The average yield of
paddy in Sri Lanka at the district level is estimated through a
sample survey known as "the crop cutting survey" which was initiated with the assistance of FAO in 1951. Currently a
sample of 4,000 paddy tracts for the main season (Maha) and 4,000 paddy tracts for the second (Yala) are selected for
production: The estimate of
paddy production is obtained for each season by multiplying the harvested acreage by the average yield.
Sown and harvested extent, average
yield and production of paddy by District
Paddy extent sown and harvested, average
yield and production - National Level
Paddy extent sown and harvested by district
Paddy average yield and production by district
Paddy extent Asweddumized, sown and harvested by
District / Divisional Secretariat Division