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The Census 2011: Mapping operation is now in progress

 

 

 

Hambantota District

Housing and Non Housing Building Units Damaged by the Tsunami 2004
Hambantota District

This report consists of 2 parts. Part 1 presents the housing characteristics of the damaged housing units and characteristics about the people who lived in those damaged housing units at the time of the Tsunami Census. Housing section covers height of the submerged sea water, condition of the toilet, availability of drinking water, material used for construction, number of rooms, floor area, ownership of the land, monthly income of the housing unit, economic activities existed within the unit and the loss incurred. In addition, demographic characteristics such as age, sex, education, injuries and deaths of the people who lived in the damaged housing units at the time of Tsunami Census are also covered in this section. Part 2 presents the characteristics of non-housing units such as ownership, type of activity, number of employees and loss incurred. Following Table 1.1 shows the total number of building units (housing and non-housing) damaged due to Tsunami in Hambantota district of the southern province

 

Table 1.1 :Number of Damaged Housing and Non Housing Building Units Due to Tsunami 2004

Part 1
Characteristics of Housing Units and Persons Living in the Damaged Housing Units
Hambantota District

  • Total number of Divisional Secretary Divisions (DSD) in Hambantota District is 11.
  • Out of this, four Divisional Secretary Divisions were affected by the Tsunami 2004.
  • Affected Divisional Secretary Divisions are Tissamaharamaya, Hambantota, Ambalantota and Tangalle. 
  • The total number of Grama Niladhari Divisions (GND) in Hambantota District is 576.
  • Out of this, 33 (nearly 5.8%) GND were affected by the Tsunami 2004.

 GND is the smallest administrative unit in Sri Lanka.  In order to conduct Censuses these GN divisions were sub divided into 2 or 3 Census Blocks (CB). In the Tsunami Census, affected CB was identified if at least one damaged building unit was found in a CB.  Listing forms which contained all the housing and non-housing units in those CBs, were updated after Tsunami to identify the number of building units which were completely damaged, partially damaged (unusable) and partially damaged (usable). Following table 1.2 shows the percentage of housing units surveyed and listed which were identified as damaged units in the affected DS divisions of Hambantota district. It should be mentioned that the number of housing units was slightly less than the number that was listed in the Tsunami Census. To avoid complexities when analyzing data, the total number of housing units were obtained from those listed whereas percentages were computed using the surveyed number of housing units in this report wherever applicable.     

Table 1.2 : Percentage distribution of housing units surveyed and total housing units listed by type of damage in affected DS divisions

Distribution of damaged housing units by distance to the sea 

  •  Tables from 1.3 to 1.7 show the distribution of damaged housing units in the affected DS and GN divisions by type of damage and distance from unit to the sea.
  •  In order to mark boundary line of 100m (which is called buffer zone) from the housing unit to the sea, staff of the Department of Census and Statistics jointly worked with the staff of the Survey Department.

(Part 1) – Tables for Housing Units
Buffer Zone

Table 1.3 Distribution of damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions by type of the damage and distance to the sea: Hambantota district
Table 1.4 Distribution of damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions by type of the damage and distance to the sea: Tissamaharamaya DS division
Table 1.5 Distribution of damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions by type of the damage and distance to the sea: Hambantota DS division
Table 1.6 Distribution of damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions by type of the damage and distance to the sea: Ambalantota DS division
Table 1.7 Distribution of damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions by type of the damage and distance to the sea: Tangalle DS division

Housing Tables

Height of the Submerged Sea Water

As a result of the Tsunami, most of the housing units which were located along the coastal belt were submerged by the sea water. This section covers the highest height of the submerged sea water into the damaged housing units which were located in the affected DS divisions of Hambantota district. Tables 2.1a, 2.1b and 2.1c present the height of the submerged sea water for completely damaged, unusable partially damaged and usable partially damaged housing units in Hambantota district respectively

Table 2.1a Percentage distribution of completely damaged housing units in affected DS divisions by highest height submerged by the sea water
Table 2.1b Percentage distribution of partially damaged housing units (unusable) in affected DS divisions by highest height submerged by sea water
Table 2.1c Percentage distribution of partially damaged housing units (usable) in affected DS divisions by highest height submerged by sea water

Condition of Toilet Facilities

 This section covers the condition of toilet facilities of the damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions of Hambantota district. Tables 2.2a, 2.2b and 2.2c present whether the toilet facilities were destroyed or not by affected DS divisions for completely damaged, unusable partially damaged and usable partially damaged housing units respectively.       

Table 2.2a Percentage distribution of completely damaged housing units in affected DS divisions by condition of the toilet facilities
Table 2.2b Percentage distribution of partially damaged housing units (unusable) in affected DS divisions by condition of the toilet facilities
Table 2.2c Percentage distribution of partially damaged housing units (usable) in affected DS divisions by condition of the toilet facilities

Availability of Drinking Water Facilities

This section covers the availability of drinking water facilities of the damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions of Hambantota district.  Tables 2.3a, 2.3b and 2.3c present whether the drinking water facilities are available or not by affected DS divisions for completely damaged, unusable partially damaged and usable partially damaged housing units respectively.

Table 2.3a Percentage distribution of completely damaged housing units in affected DS divisions by availability of drinking water facilities after Tsunami
Table 2.3b Percentage distribution of partially damaged housing units (unusable) in affected DS divisions by availability of drinking water facilities
after Tsunami
Table 2.3c Percentage distribution of partially damaged housing units (usable) in affected DS divisions by availability of drinking water facilities after Tsunami

Reasons for Not Having Drinking Water Facilities

This section covers the main reason for not having drinking water for the damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions of Hambantota district.  Tables 2.4a, 2.4b and 2.4c present the percentage distribution of the housing units by reason for not having drinking water facilities at the time of the Tsunami Census by affected DS divisions for completely damaged, unusable partially damaged and usable partially damaged housing units respectively.

Table 2.4a Percentage distribution of partially damaged housing units which does not have drinking water facilities after Tsunami in affected DS divisions by reason for not having drinking water
Table 2.4b Percentage distribution of partially damaged housing units (unusable) which did not have drinking water facilities after Tsunami by Reason for not having drinking water by affected DS divisions
Table 2.4c Percentage distribution of partially damaged housing units (usable) which did not have drinking water facilities after Tsunami by Reason for not having drinking water by affected DS divisions

Material Used for Construction

This section covers the material used for construction of the damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions of Hambantota district. Table 2.5 represents materials used for roof, walls and floor for all types of damaged housing units in the Hambantota district. Materials used for the construction of housing unit was considered permanent, if the roof, the walls and the floor were constructed using permanent material. Roof is considered permanent, if constructed using tiles / asbestos etc. Roof is considered temporary, if constructed using cadjan /tin sheets etc. Walls are considered permanent, if constructed using bricks /cement blocks etc. Walls are considered temporary, if constructed using mud, wood / tin sheets etc.  If any combination of materials other than ‘Permanent’ is considered as 'Temporary' in these tables.

Table 2.5 Percentage distribution of damaged housing units in affected DS divisions by material used for construction

Number of Rooms and the Floor Area of the Damaged Housing Units

This section covers the number of rooms and floor area of the damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions of Hambantota district. Tables 2.6 and 2.7 present the percentage of damaged housing units by number of rooms and the floor area of the all types of damaged housing units in affected DS divisions respectively

Table 2.6 Percentage distribution of all damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions by number of rooms in the unit
Table 2.7 Percentage distribution of damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions by floor area of the housing unit

Ownership of the Land

This section presents information about the ownership of the land where the damaged housing units were located in the affected DS divisions of Hambantota district.

Table 2.8 Percentage distribution of damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions by ownership of the land

Monthly Income of the Housing Units

This section covers the monthly income of damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions of Hambantota district.  This includes the total income of all income earners of the housing unit from all sources, before the Tsunami. Tables 2.9a, 2.9b and 2.9c present the monthly income of the damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions for completely damaged, unusable partially damaged and usable partially damaged housing units respectively.

Table 2.9a Percentage distribution of completely damaged housing units in affected DS divisions by reported monthly income of the housing unit
Table 2.9b Percentage distribution of partially damaged housing units (unusable) in affected DS divisions by reported monthly income of the housing unit
Table 2.9c Percentage distribution of partially damaged housing units (usable) in affected DS divisions by reported monthly income of the housing unit
 

Economic Activities Operated Within the Housing Unit

This section covers the information about functionality of economic activities which operated an economic activity with in damaged housing units, value of loss incurred to those activities and number of workers engaged in those activities in the affected DS divisions of Hambantota district.  Tables 3.1, 3.2 and 3.3 present this information respectively

Table 3.1 Percentage distribution of damaged housing unit in affected DS division which operated an economic activity within the unit according to the functionality of the activity
Table 3.2 Percentage distribution of value of the loss incurred to economic activity which had household based economic activity within the damage housing units in affected DS divisions
Table 3.3 Percentage distribution of number of employees worked in the damaged housing units of affected DS divisions which had household based Economic activity within the housing unit

Demographic Characteristics of the People Living in the Damaged Housing Units

This section covers the demographic characteristics of members who are living in the damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions of Hambantota district.  A person was considered as a member of the housing unit if he/she was a usual resident of the housing unit when the Tsunami disaster occurred. They may be presently living in the housing unit or elsewhere such as a welfare center or a friend’s / relative’s house. Table 4.1 presents all the persons living in the damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions by sex. Children living in the damaged housing units who were below 5 years and below 10 years by sex are shown in tables 4.2 and 4.3 respectively.  Age distribution of the people living in the affected housing units by sex is given in table 4.4 while women in the reproductive age group is shown in the table 4.5. Table 4.6 presents the economic activity of the people who were engaged in before the Tsunami and ability to continue the same at the time of the Tsunami Census. Table 4.7 presents the distribution of children below 18 years of age at the time of the Tsunami Census by whether their parents are alive or not.

Table 4.1 Percentage distribution of all persons who are living in the damaged housing units of affected DS divisions by sex
Table 4.2 Percentage distribution of children under 5 year of ago who are living in the damaged housing units of affected DS divisions by sex
Table 4.3 Percentage distribution of children under 10 years of age who are living in the damaged housing units of affected DS divisions by sex
Table 4.4 Percentage distribution of the people who are living in the damaged housing units of affected DS divisions
Table 4.5 Women in the reproductive age group (15-49 yrs) who are living in a damaged housing units of affected DS divisions.
Table 4.6 Distribution of employed persons in the damaged housing units of the affected DS divisions by economic activity and ability to continue the same at the time of Tsunami Census

Children Living With / Without Parents

This section covers the information of children below 19 years of age whose parents are alive or not. Some children are fortunate to live with their parents while some children have lost one or both parents. It should be important to mention here that those parents  who have died may have died due to any other reasons than Tsunami.  

Table 4.7 Distribution of children in damaged housing units in affected DS divisions whose parents are alive or not by age group Engagement in Educational Activities (Before and after Tsunami)

Whether Engaged in Education  Before and After Tsunami

This section inquires whether there was any disruption of education of the people due to Tsunami who were in the age group between 3 to 34 years and living in the damaged housing units of affected DS divisions. Since the event occurred at the end of the school year for 2004, there may be some new children who have just enrolled in the year 2005, during the period of Tsunami Census. Table 5.1 presents this information

 

Table 5.1 Engagement in educational activities of the persons (3-34) years who are living in the damaged housing units of affected DS divisions before Tsunami and whether they are continuing educational activities after Tsunami

People Injured Due to Tsunami

If a person was disabled or injured or had a sickness due to Tsunami, information on such persons was collected at this census. This section covers the information about those injured people who are living in the damaged housing units in the affected DS divisions of Hambantota district. The information on main injury occurred was collected if there were more than one type of injury. Table 6.1 shows the percentage distribution of injured people by age and sex while the table 6.2 presents the distribution of injured people by type of injury and sex

Table 6.1 Percentage distribution of persons injured due to Tsunami who are living in the damaged housings units of affected DS divisions by age and sex
Table 6.2 Percentage distribution of persons injured due to Tsunami who are living in the damaged housings units of affected DS divisions by type of injury and sex
 

People Dead / Disappeared of Damaged Housing Units

This section covers the number of people dead/disappeared who were living in the damaged housing units. There could be certain amount of under-reporting errors when collecting these information if there was no reliable respondents in those damaged housing units.   

Table 7.1 Number of dead/disappeared persons lived in the damaged housing units of affected DS divisions
Table 7.2 Distribution of dead/disappeared persons due to Tsunami who lived in the damaged housing units of affected DS divisions by age and Sex
Table 7.3 Distribution of dead/disappeared persons due to Tsunami who lived in the damaged housing units of affected DS divisions by the employment which they have engaged before Tsunami
Table 7.4 Distribution of dead/disappeared persons who lived in the damaged housing units of affected DS divisions by type of disability, sex and age

 

Part 2

Characteristics of building units other than housing units (non-housing units)

Hambantota District

This section covers the information about damages occurred to non-housing building units in the affected DS divisions of Hambantota district. There are 9 tables from 8.1 to 8.9 to show the percentage distribution for type of damage, distance from the sea to the building, type of unit, economic activity carried out prior to Tsunami, number of employees, material used for construction, floor area, ownership and estimated total loss by DS level in this section.  

Table 8.1 Percentage distribution of buildings other than housing units damaged in affected DS divisions by type of damage
Table 8.2 Percentage distribution of buildings other than housing units damaged in affected DS divisions by distance from the sea to the buildings units
Table 8.3 Percentage distribution of buildings other than housing units damaged in affected DS divisions by type of the unit
Table 8.4 Percentage distribution of buildings other than housing units damaged in affected DS divisions by economic activity carried out prior to Tsunami
Table 8.5 Percentage distribution of buildings other than housing units damaged in affected DS divisions by number of employees
Table 8.6 Percentage distribution of buildings other than housing units damaged in affected DS divisions by material used for construction of the building units
Table 8.7 Percentage distribution of buildings other than housing units damaged in affected DS divisions by total floor area of the unit
Table 8.8 Percentage distribution of buildings other than housing units damaged in affected DS divisions by ownership of the land
Table 8.9 Percentage distribution of buildings other than housing units damaged in affected DS divisions by estimated value of the damage

Department of Census and Statistics

P O Box 563, Colombo, Sri Lanka - Telephone: +94 112675297, Fax: 2697594 - Email:information@statistics.gov.lk