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Rice is the staple food of the inhabitants of Sri Lanka. Paddy crops is cultivated as a wetland crop in all the districts. The total land devoted for paddy is estimated to be about 708,000 Hectares at present. There are two cultivation seasons namely; Maha and Yala which are synonymous with two monsoons. Maha Season falls during “North-east monsoon” from September to March in the following year. Yala season is effective during the period from May to end of August. When the crop is sown and harvested during above periods, the particular season is defined. However, the whole area devoted for paddy is not being cultivated due to number of reasons such as shortage of water during the seasons, prevailing unsettle conditions on the ground, etc.

  • Paddy extent: Paddy extent namely, Asweddumized (land prepared for cultivation), sown, and harvested on a complete enumeration basis was commenced in 1951. This method of data collection has since being continued each season with the active cooperation of the “Agricultural Research and Production Assistants A.R.P.O)/Grama Niladari” (GNN) who are acting as primary reporters.
  • Average yield of paddy: Average yield of paddy in Sri Lanka at district level is estimated by means of a sample survey which is popularly known as “the crop cutting survey” initiated with the assistance of FAO in 1951. At present a sample of 3,000 villages for the main season (Maha) and 2,000 villages for the second season (Yala) are selected to carry out experiments.
  • Paddy production: Estimate of paddy production is obtained for each season as a product of the acreage harvested and the average yield.



Statistical Tables

1. Paddy extent sown and harvested, average yield and production by district
Imperial Units
Metric Units
Including Mahaweli
Mahaweli Separately
Including Mahaweli
Mahaweli Separately
2022/2023 Maha View View
2022 Yala View View
2021/2022 Maha View View
2021 Yala View View
2020/2021 Maha View View
2020 Yala View View
2019/2020 Maha View View
2019 Yala View View
2018/2019 Maha View View
2018 Yala View View
2017/2018 Maha View View
2017 Yala View View
2016/2017 Maha View View
2016 Yala View View
2015/2016 Maha View View
2015 Yala View View
2014/2015 Maha View View
2014 Yala View View
2013/2014 Maha View View
2013 Yala View View
2012/2013 Maha View View
2012 Yala View View
2011/2012 Maha View View
2011 Yala View View
2010/2011 Maha View View View View
2010 Yala View View
2009/2010 Maha View View
2009 Yala View View
2008/2009  Maha View View
2008  Yala View View
2007/2008  Maha View View
2007 Yala View View
2006/2007  Maha View View
2006 Yala View View
2005 / 2006 Maha View View
2005 Yala View View
2004 / 2005 Maha View View
2.Paddy Statistics
3. Provisional Estimate
4. Paddy Extent and Production by Variety - Yala Season 2010
5. Estimated Marketable Surplus of Paddy by Season and by District - 2010-2015
6. Self sufficiency in rice
7. Paddy extent sown and harvested, average yield and production – National Level
8. Paddy extent sown and harvested by district
9. Paddy average yield and production by district
10. Paddy extent Asweddumized, sown and harvested by District / Divisional Secretariat Division
11. Paddy Holdings
12. Charts



Agriculture and Environmental Statistics Division
Department of Census and Statistics, Colombo, Sri Lanka.